abbreviated either CU or Chula, is a public and autonomous research
university in Bangkok, Thailand. It is ranked as Thailand's No. 1
university from various organizers such as QS world university ranking,
Round university ranking, Center for world university ranking etc. The
university was established in 1917, making it the oldest institute of
higher education in Thailand.
The university began taking shape during King Chulalongkorn's reign when
he founded the Royal Pages School in 1902 at The Grand Palace of
Thailand. During the reign of his son, King Vajiravudh, the Royal Pages
School became the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn. The
Rockefeller Foundation was instrumental in helping the college from its
academic foundation. On March 26, 1917, King Vajiravudh renamed the
college to "Chulalongkorn University".
Chulalongkorn University is a comprehensive and research-intensive
university. It is also ranked as the top university in Thailand in many
aspects of qualities covering the quality of the university itself,
quality of students, quality of research, quality in particular
subjects, university reputation, environmental management systems.
According to QS university ranking 2016. CU is placed 252nd in the
world, 45th in Asia, 1st in Thailand, and 151-200 in the graduate
Chulalongkorn University is one of the National Research Universities
and supported by the Office of Nation Education Standards and Quality
Assessment of Thailand. Moreover, CU is the only Thai university which
is a member of Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU).
Admission to CU is highly selective, and applicants are required to have
high test scores. Applicants ranking within the top 10 national scores
is chosen for study at CU.
CU comprises nineteen faculties, a School of Agriculture, three
colleges, ten institutes and two other schools. Its campus occupies a
vast area in downtown Bangkok. Graduates customarily received their
diplomas from the King of Thailand, a tradition begun by King
Prajadhipok (Rama VII).
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of
Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung
Thep. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the
Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of
over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over 14
million people (22.2 percent) live within the surrounding Bangkok
Metropolitan Region, making Bangkok an extreme primate city,
significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of
Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya
Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew and became the site
of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782.
Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam¡ªlater renamed
Thailand¡ªduring the late 19th century, as the country faced pressures
from the West. The city was at the centre of Thailand's political
struggles throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute
monarchy, adopted constitutional rule and underwent numerous coups and
several uprisings. The city grew rapidly during the 1960s through the
1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand's politics,
economy, education, media and modern society.